Tax Reform, the Common Good, and Public Education

Nikolai Vitti became Detroit’s public school superintendent last April. Last week in the Detroit News, Superintendent Vitti published what sounds radically counter cultural: a school district vision statement that leaves out charter schools, school choice, blaming and firing teachers, and any mention of test scores (though the Every Student Succeeds Act will require that Detroit keep on testing its students). Here is some of what Superintendent Vitti says:

“We now have an empowered and elected school board for the first time in years….” “Detroit will not reach its full potential without a stronger traditional public education system. Children need to feel safe, empowered and supported when attending school. Students will make mistakes but learn from them through a more progressive code of conduct focused on positive behavior support, restorative practices, not exclusionary strategies.” “(P)riorities are rooted in developing a child-centric organization that ensures college-and career/technical-ready programing exists across the district in every school; retaining, developing and recruiting the strongest teachers and leaders, and being more strategic and aligned with our resources. Our other priority to focus on the whole child will expand access to enrichment activities such as art, music, athletics, chess, cultural field trips and electives… This spring we will launch a Parent Academy to empower our parents to play a more active role in their child’s education. Teachers will visit students’ home to create stronger relationships with parents… While our schools must own the challenge and opportunity poverty presents, we must recognize that public schools cannot lift children out of poverty alone. We must face the truth that although poverty affects all people, historical and institutional racism exacerbates poverty based on race.”  Vitti also describes schools as centers with wraparound services like health, mental health and dental services for students and families.

Vitti’s vision cannot be realized without nurturing collaboration, building trust, and honoring the professionals who will work with children every day.  It is also grounded in Vitti’s belief in public responsibility.

Which is where he may run into trouble in our era when politicians are focused instead on tax reform—defined as tax cuts for corporations and the very wealthy.

In a brief last week for the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Sharon Parrot describes the Senate tax bill that, “has the same basic flaws as the House bill.”  “The core of the bill is a large corporate tax cut that would overwhelmingly benefit wealthy households, along with a tax cut for ‘pass-through’ businesses that’s also heavily tilted to high-income households and an estate tax cut worth $4.4 million (for estates from couples) for the nation’s very largest estates. These tax cuts are so costly that they require offsets like removing the tax deduction for state and local taxes to comply with the limitation that the tax cuts only increase deficits by $1.5 trillion over a decade. They leave little room for meaningful help to low- and moderate-income families.”

An earlier brief from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities explains what the Center is calling, “the Republican Two-Step Fiscal Agenda.” “When deficits rise, those who supported the tax cuts will likely label these deficits as unacceptable and point to spending as the culprit. When that happens, they presumably will call for the kinds of deep cuts they’ve already proposed in their long-range budget plans, which would hit education, basic assistance for struggling families, health care, and other key investments. Those cuts could happen as soon as next year.”

The brief continues: “President Trump and Republican House and Senate leaders have been very clear on the areas they want to cut.  The Trump, House, and Senate budget plans for the next decade all would cut basic assistance and health care for millions of low- and moderate-income families with children, along with investments and services in areas such as education, job training, infrastructure, and environmental protection… The federal government provides modest but important support for K-12 education, about three-quarters of it through two large formula grant programs aimed at helping low-income and disadvantaged students and students with disabilities. Education aid is part of the non-defense discretionary budget category, which the Trump, House, and Senate budget plans would cut deeply, on top of cuts already imposed since 2010… Cuts of this magnitude would almost certainly affect aid to local schools. Although the budget plans are vague about what they intend to cut in future years, education seems an especially likely target because it has already been a target of congressional Republicans and the Trump Administration…”

As one watches the tax reform debate in Congress, it is easy to become overwhelmed by the technicality of much of the discussion or confused about which of the specific proposals would help or hurt whom. The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is trying to keep us all focused on the big picture: if corporations and the very rich get huge tax cuts, the money has to come from somewhere. And past cuts to non-defense domestic discretionary spending have already been so deep that further cuts to what are already meager programs will inevitably limit what Superintendent Vitti is able to accomplish in already-distressed Detroit.

Societies are judged by the way they care for their most vulnerable citizens. Because government policy and services are central to serving the common good, paying taxes for government services is a civic responsibility of individuals and businesses—with the heaviest responsibility on those with the greatest financial means.

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3 thoughts on “Tax Reform, the Common Good, and Public Education

  1. Pingback: A Lesson from Detroit… and Jan | Rethinking Learning...

  2. Your statement that ” if corporations and the very rich get huge tax cuts, the money has to come from somewhere…” reminds me of how so few citizens ever stop to think about what taxation means for the entire community: roads, bridges, schools, libraries, parks and so much more are all dependent upon something other than magic.

  3. Tax cuts are NOT Tax Reform. Cuts without a progressive taxation programme encompassing
    ALL top-to-bottom considerations for FAIRNESS and applicability will NOT issue in an unlawful, willful transfer of wealth paid for on the backs of the poor & working class population. Education is the neediest element in the Common Good, followed by employment & sustainability.

    Sad to say, PA’s “ballot question” last week was passed by a 100,000 plurality that opened the door for property taxes to be free from Public School assessments. The old saw that ‘I don’t have kids anymore’ or ‘I never sent my children to public schools anyway’ was heard as valid. The PA AFT, PSEA, CAPS, et al. mailed statewide & lobbied the airwaves to no avail. How/when will the
    implementations begin is unclear since there is a slight window for school districts to lay claim for
    capital payments tho’ that is not an annual budget matter. I worked hard against this referendum
    to no avail. The School Reform Commission in Philadelphia is set to vote itself out of existence any day now as local jurisdictions reclaim their realm from the state, but this puts into question further who/how will fund the mechanism since the state & old tax sources will have dried up. It’s not that P.S. supporters need a better message, since nothing is stronger than the common good,
    but we need an energized public who is not afraid of the T-word enacted for the good of all and certainly the youngest, most vulnerable yet-to-become active citizens. Denizens must be separated from Citizens in the ballot boxes & processes thereof. Funding for all government sources, including schools, is tantamount to civility & progress. The PhilaInquirer Sunday editorial was a welcome voice which was not heeded. Where we stand now is not at all clear and will be
    quite contentious as the pie is divided up, whether methodically or willy-nilly.

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